Semen analysis: Evaluating male fertility and sperm health
Semen analysis is a crucial diagnostic tool used to assess male fertility. This simple, in office test is a key component in assessing male fertility and can often identify issues that contribute to an inability to achieve a pregnancy naturally. Our New Jersey male factor specialist performs semen analysis as a routine evaluation of sperm health before certain fertility treatments, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
At Conceive NJ, we strongly recommend semen analysis for couples experiencing difficulties in conceiving a child. Many couples are surprised to learn about the important role that sperm health plays a role in infertility, and that in roughly half of cases of infertility, a sperm problem plays at least some role.
Dr. Glatstein, our New Jersey male factor infertility specialist, has undergone special advanced training in Andrology at one of the top Male Factor infertility centers in the country at the Cleveland Clinic. In addition, he has also been a Lecturer in Assisted Reproduction at the Cleveland Clinic. He is available to share that expertise and advanced training in order to diagnose and treat your particular male factor infertility circumstance.
What is measured in semen analysis?
When this test is ordered by our New Jersey male factor specialist, the semen analysis is performed in our IVF lab by a skilled andrologist. The man provides a semen sample through masturbation or intercourse with a medical condom, and our andrologist uses advanced equipment and training to quickly produce a detailed report documenting the volume and quality of the sperm.
Several parameters are measured to evaluate male fertility. At Conceive NJ, we follow the guidelines of the World Health Organization Laboratory Manual for the examination of semen.
- Sperm count, or the concentration of sperm in a given sample. A low sperm count may indicate potential fertility issues. A normal sperm count is typically considered to be 39 million or higher total per ejaculation.
- Sperm motility, or the ability of sperm to move effectively. Motility is essential for sperm to reach and fertilize the egg. Reduced motility can hinder fertility. At least 32% of sperm should demonstrate forward progressive motility.
- Sperm morphology, or the shape and structure of sperm. Abnormalities in sperm shape can affect their ability to penetrate and fertilize an egg. Around 4% or more of sperm with normal morphology is considered within the normal range.
- Semen volume, or the amount of semen produced during ejaculation. Low semen volume may affect the delivery and survival of sperm. Normal semen volume ranges from 1.5 to 7.6 milliliters per ejaculation.
- Ph, or acidity. Normal Ph is 7.2 to 7.8.
- White blood cells, which may indicate an infection or inflammation in the reproductive tract. We use special staining techniques to determine if there are abnormal high numbers of white blood cells which may be amenable to treatment with antibiotics.
Your Conceive NJ fertility care team can help you understand your results and create a treatment plan to address any issues that are revealed by your semen analysis. In some cases, referral to a reproductive urologist or other specialist may be recommended.
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Semen analysis plays a vital role in evaluating male fertility and sperm health. By providing a comprehensive assessment of several parameters, it offers valuable insights into potential issues affecting a man’s ability to conceive a child. Understanding the results of semen analysis allows our fertility care team to develop tailored treatment plans, address specific challenges and increase the chances of successful conception.
If you are experiencing difficulties conceiving, don’t wait to get answers and help from our New Jersey male factor specialist. With this simple test, you can understand your sperm health and take proactive steps toward realizing your dream of starting or expanding your family.